The eastern plains and southern coasts of the country consist of fertile lowlands and foothills. They are the location of most of China’s agricultural output and human population. Traditionally, the Chinese population centered on the Chinese central plain and oriented itself toward its own enormous inland market, developing as an imperial power whose center lay in the china Northwest (4) Geographical Map 1 : 2 000 000 PDF and lower reaches of the Yellow River on the northern plains.
Northeast Plain Northeast of Shanhaiguan a narrow sliver of flat coastal land opens up into the vast Northeast China Plain. The plains extend north to the crown of the „Chinese rooster,“ near where the Greater and Lesser Hinggan ranges converge. North plain The Taihang Mountains form the western side of the triangular North China Plain. The other two sides are the Pacific coast to the east and the Yangtze River to the southwest. The vertices of this triangle are Beijing to the north, Shanghai to the southeast, and Yichang to the southwest. Beijing, at the north tip of the North China Plain, is shielded by the intersection of the Taihang and Yan Mountains. Further north are the drier grasslands of the Inner Mongolian Plateau, traditionally home to pastoralists.
To the south are agricultural regions, traditionally home to sedentary populations. The Great Wall of China was built in the mountains across the mountains that mark the southern edge of the Inner Mongolian Plateau. North slope of Changbaishan in Jilin Province, near the border with North Korea. Sand dunes of the Gobi Desert near Dunhuang, in Gansu Province. The Loess Plateau near Hunyuan in Shanxi Province. South of the Yangtze, the landscape is more rugged.
Like Shanxi Province to the north, Hunan and Jiangxi each have a provincial core in a river basin that is surrounded by mountains. The Wuling range separates Guizhou from Hunan. Northwest of the Tibetan Plateau, between the northern slope of Kunlun and southern slope of Tian Shan, is the vast Tarim Basin of Xinjiang, which contains the Taklamakan Desert. Northeast of the Tibetan Plateau, the Altun Shan-Qilian Mountains range branches off the Kunlun and creates a parallel mountain range running east-west. 3,000 m and numerous brackish and salt lakes.
Shaanxi, parts of Gansu and Shanxi provinces, and some of Ningxia-Hui Autonomous Region. Pamirs is the vast Tibetan Plateau, the largest and highest plateau in the world, also known as the „Roof of the World. The plateau has an average elevation of 4,000 meters above sea level and covers an area of 2. 5 million square kilometers, or about one-fifth of China’s land mass. China originally had an estimated number of 50,000 rivers.
However, due to statistical discrepancies, water and soil loss, and climate change, there are currently only an estimated 22,000 rivers remaining. The rivers in China have a total length of 420,000 kilometers. 1,500 have a catchment area exceeding 1,000 square kilometers. Inland drainage involving upland basins in the north and northeast accounts for 40 percent of the country’s total drainage area. Many rivers and streams flow into lakes or diminish in the desert. China’s territorial waters are principally marginal seas of the western Pacific Ocean. These waters lie on the indented coastline of the mainland and approximately 5,000 islands.
Northern plain There is a steep drop in the river level in the North China Plain, where the river continues across the delta, it transports a heavy load of sand and mud which is deposited on the flat plain. The flow is aided by manmade embankments. As a result, the river flows on a raised ridge fifty meters above the plain. Flowing from its source in the Qingzang highlands, the Yellow River courses toward the sea through the North China Plain, the historic center of Chinese expansion and influence. Like other densely populated areas of China, the plain is subject to floods and earthquakes. Beijing, was leveled by an earthquake in July 1976, it was believed to be the largest earthquake of the 20th century by death toll. The Hai River, like the Pearl River, flows from west to east.
Its upper course consists of five rivers that converge near Tianjin, then flow seventy kilometers before emptying into the Bohai Gulf. The country’s longest and most important waterway, the Yangtze River, is navigable for the majority of its length and has a vast hydroelectric potential. The Nanling Mountains, the southernmost of the east-west mountain ranges, overlook areas in China with a tropical climate. The climate allows two crops of rice to be grown per year. Southeast of the mountains lies a coastal, hilly region of small deltas and narrow valley plains. China has substantial mineral reserves and is the world’s largest producer of antimony, natural graphite, tungsten, and zinc. China’s total land area is arable.
China lies in two of the world’s major ecozones, the Palearctic and the Indomalaya. In the Palearctic zone mammals such as the horse, camel, and jerboa are found. Chinese history is often explained in terms of several strategic areas, defined by particular topographic limits. A population density map of the territories governed by the PRC and the ROC.